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IBSARESDUAmerican University of Beirut
IDRC



English Name
Fennel
Scientific Name
Foeniculum vulgare
Arabic Name
شومر، شمرة
Transliteration
Shumar,shumrah
Description
An evergreen perennial growing to 1.5m by 1m with soft tender, nice smelling young shoots and branches, and with hard woody lower parts. Flowers Yellowish-green not showy
Seasonality
All year long(Lebanon),Leaves and shoots: January -April. Flowers: June - Oct (Jordan)
Locality
"Wadi Altitude: 558 Latitude North: N 34°29'03.3"" Latitude East:E 036°26'47.2"" Collector: Antoun Maacaroun Date: 5/27/2005"
Habitat
Dry stony calcareous soils -- can grow in dry or moist soil and can tolerate drought. The plant can also tolerate strong winds but not maritime exposure **Middle East, Southern Europe and Southwest Asia
Medical Properties
Added to matteh - Facilitates digestion - Cleans urinary tract - Treatment of Constipation - Decreases cholesterol level in blood - Decreases fat in blood - Diuretic effect - Food/Flavor enhancer - Helps in weight loss - Treatment of cellulite - Increases appetite - Treats Indigestion - Treatment of inflammations - Helps in removing kidney stones - Treatment of kidney problems - Decreases the symptoms of menstrual period - Mouth freshener - Nutritious - Relieves stomach aches - Removes residues - Treatment of respiratory tract disorders - Treatment of Sneezing episodes - Strengthens memory - Treats cold / coughing - Treats headaches
Edible Portions
All parts (leaves, leaf stalks, flower heads, and roots)
MOC
Leaves can be eaten raw in salads or cooked; leaf stalks and flower heads can be eaten raw or cooked; the aromatic seeds are used as a flavoring in cakes, bread, and stuffings; roots can be eaten cooked *see recipes
Family
Apiaceae (carrot family)
Compounds
Therapeutic Uses
recipes
Fennel Omelet
Fennel Salad
 
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